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Artificial Intelligence and Democracy:

The Impact of Disinformation, Social Bots and Political Targeting


Maja Brkan


This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Licence Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Free elections and democracy in Europe and globally can be detrimentally affected by a malicious use of new technologies, in particular artificial intelligence (AI). AI can be used as a tool to produce and spread disinformation or facilitate psychographic micro-targeting of voters in the run-up to elections. At the same time, AI can effectively counter such uses of technology. This article discusses the ways in which freedom of elections and democracy can be impacted through the deployment of AI.

Associate Professor of EU Law, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University, The Netherlands. For correspondence: <>


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